London Heathrow Airport


London Heathrow Airport or Heathrow (IATA: LHR, ICAO: EGLL), located in the London Borough of Hillingdon, is the world's busiest airport in terms of international passenger traffic. It is the world's third busiest airport in total passenger traffic. It is also the largest and busiest airport in the United Kingdom. It is also the busiest in the European Union in terms of passenger traffic and the second busiest in terms of traffic movements. Heathrow is owned and operated by BAA, which also owns and operates six other UK airports. BAA is itself owned by an international consortium led by the Spanish Ferrovial Group. Heathrow is the primary hub of British Airways, BMI and Virgin Atlantic.

Located 12 NM (22 km; 14 mi) west of Central London, England, Heathrow originally was designed to have six runways in three pairs spaced approximately 120 degrees apart but now has just two parallel main runways running east-west and five terminals. The site covers 12.14 square kilometres (4.69 sq mi). Terminal 5 was officially opened by H.M. Queen Elizabeth II on 14 March 2008 and opened to passengers on 27 March 2008. Construction of Heathrow East, to replace Terminal 2 and The Queen's Building, began in 2009, and is expected to be completed by early 2014.Terminals 3 and 4 will also be refurbished during this period. In November 2007 a consultation process began for the building of a new third runway and was controversially approved on 15 January 2009 by UK Government ministers.

Heathrow Airport has a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence (Number P527) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction.


Heathrow is located 12 NM (22 km; 14 mi) west of central London, England, near the southern end of the London Borough of Hillingdon. The airport stands on a parcel of land that was designated part of the London Metropolitan Green Belt. To the north, the airport is surrounded by the built-up areas of Harlington, Harmondsworth, Longford and Cranford.

Busiest International Routes out of London Heathrow Airport (2008)[2]
Rank ↓Airport ↓Passengers handled ↓ % Change ↓
1John F. Kennedy International Airport2,802,8701
2Dublin Airport1,812,0288
3Amsterdam Airport Schiphol1,709,1355
4Dubai International Airport1,652,4415
5Hong Kong International Airport1,493,8643
6Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport1,489,16717
7Los Angeles International Airport1,461,0794
8O'Hare International Airport1,460,8169
9Frankfurt Airport1,271,42112
10Madrid Barajas Airport1,152,5042
11Singapore Changi Airport1,066,6061
12Washington Dulles International Airport1,041,1761
13Toronto Pearson International Airport992,5793
14San Francisco International Airport985,5755
15Munich Airport983,2878
16Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport955,3023
17OR Tambo International Airport944,7316
18Copenhagen Airport939,9504
19Stockholm-Arlanda Airport893,1811
20Newark Liberty International Airport882,93124

American Airlines Boeing 777-200ER landing at Heathrow

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