Air Ambulance Pictures














































Air Ambulance

An air ambulance is an aircraft used for emergency medical assistance in situations where either a traditional ambulance cannot easily or quickly reach the scene or the patient needs to be repositioned at a distance where air transportation is most practical. Air ambulance crews are supplied with equipment that enables them to provide medical treatment to a critically injured or ill patient. Common equipment for air ambulances includes ventilators, medication, an ECG and monitoring unit, CPR equipment, and stretchers.

Air Ambulance Network provides a variety of Advanced Air Ambulance Transport Services from Critical Care to elective air medical transport. Services offered include; Private Air Ambulances including a wide range of aircraft from twin propeller to commerical jet airliners and everything in between.

Aircraft are equipped as flying mobile Intensive Care Units (ICU) and are capable of care for the most basic patient to the Critical Care patient. All aircraft are equipped with the most sophisticated advanced life support equipment to include; Zoll M Series 12 lead Cardiac monitor- defibrillator, full compliment of Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) drugs and all critical care medications and state of the art LTV 1200 series transport ventilator. Select aircraft are capable of being equipped with specialized equipment like Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump (IABP) and Neonate incubators and our baby pod.

Air Ambulance Network can provide a wide range of services that are customized to the patients’ medical requirement and financial considerations.

Aircraft and flight crews

In most jurisdictions air ambulance pilots are required to have a great deal of experience in piloting their aircraft because the conditions of air ambulance flights are often more challenging than regular non-emergency flight services. After a spike in air ambulance crashes in the United States in the 1990s, the US government and the Commission on Air Medical Transportation Systems (CAMTS) have stepped up the accreditation and air ambulance flight requirements, ensuring that all pilots, personnel, and aircraft meet much higher standards than what was previously required.[19] The resulting CAMTS accreditation, which applies only in the United States, includes the requirement for an air ambulance company to own and operate its own aircraft. Some air ambulance companies, realizing it is virtually impossible to have the correct medicalized aircraft for every mission, instead charter aircraft based on the mission-specific requirements.

Medical staffing

The medical crew of an air ambulance varies depending on country, area, service provider and by type of air ambulance. In those schemes operating under the Anglo-American model of service delivery, the helicopter is most likely to be used to transport patients, and the crew may consist of Emergency Medical Technicians, Paramedics, flight nurses, a Respiratory Therapist, or in some cases, a physician. Those services with a primary focus on critical care transport are more likely to be staffed by physicians and nurses. In the Franco-German model, the aircraft is much more likely to be used as a method of delivering high-level support to ground-based EMS. In these cases, the crew generally consists of a physician, often a surgeon, anesthetist, trauma specialist or similar specialty, accompanied by a specially-trained advance care paramedic or nurse. In these cases, the object is the rapid delivery of definitive care, occasionally even performing emergency surgical procedures in the field, with the eventual transport of the patient being accomplished by ground ambulance, not the helicopter.

Medical control

The medical crew of an air ambulance varies depending on country, area, service provider and by type of air ambulance. In those schemes operating under the Anglo-American model of service delivery, the helicopter is most likely to be used to transport patients, and the crew may consist of Emergency Medical Technicians, Paramedics, flight nurses, a Respiratory Therapist, or in some cases, a physician. Those services with a primary focus on critical care transport are more likely to be staffed by physicians and nurses. In the Franco-German model, the aircraft is much more likely to be used as a method of delivering high-level support to ground-based EMS. In these cases, the crew generally consists of a physician, often a surgeon, anesthetist, trauma specialist or similar specialty, accompanied by a specially-trained advance care paramedic or nurse. In these cases, the object is the rapid delivery of definitive care, occasionally even performing emergency surgical procedures in the field, with the eventual transport of the patient being accomplished by ground ambulance, not the helicopter.

Equipment and interiors

Most aircraft used as air ambulances, with the exception of charter aircraft and some military aircraft, are equipped for advanced life support, and have interiors that reflect this. The challenge in most air ambulance operations, and particularly with helicopters, are the high ambient noise levels and limited amounts of working space, both of which create significant issues for the provision of ongoing care. While equipment levels tend to be high, and very conveniently grouped, it may not be possible perform some assessment procedures, such as chest auscultation, while in flight. In some types of aircraft, the aircraft's design means that the entire patient will not be physically accessible in flight. Additional issues occur with respect to pressurization of the aircraft. Not all aircraft used as air ambulances in all jurisdictions have pressurized cabins, and those which do typically tend to be pressurized to only 10,000 feet above sea level. These pressure changes require advanced knowledge by flight staff with respect to the specifics of aviation medicine, including changes in physiology and the behaviour of gases.

Worlds Largest Model RC Plane


Worlds Largest Model RC Plane - Click here for more home videos

The Fastest Jet/Plane In The World!

AIRPLANE CRASH VIDEOS


Amazing Military Airplane Crash Video -





Plane Crash!!! -













Partenavia PN68





VH - PNV
Type PN68B
Year 1975
Engine 2 x Lycoming IO-360 - AIB
Power 2 x 200hp
Class IFR
Seating 6
TAS 145 knots
MTOW 1990 kg
BEW 1348 kg
Fuel Capacity 389 lts Mains, 162 lts Aux
Fuel Flow 75 lts/hr
Equipment 2 x Comm, 2 x ILS, 2 x ADF, Garmin 430 GPS, Auto pliot
Restrictions Multi-Engine & Type Endorsement & 150 hrs
Available For Charter, Joy Flights, Aerial Fire and Whale spotting
Hourly Rate $516.00 Solo
$612.00 Dual



Beechjet 400A

BEECHJET 400 / 400A




Specs and Performance

Seating:(Std/Max) 6/7
Lavatory: Enclosed
Maximum Speed: 434 mph
Maximum Range: 1500 nm


Description

The Raytheon Beechjet is a premier executive business light jet. The Beechjet 400 is a newly refined model of the Mitsubishi Diamond 2. With luxury seating for six or seven, this aircraft is perfect for executive or leisure jet charter. The Beechjet 400A is similar to the model 400 but exceeds it by expanded cabin space, newly designed interior, and higher maximum takeoff weight. The Beechjet 400A served as the model for the military aircraft known as the T-1 Jayhawk tanker and transport aircrew trainer.

Eurocopter AS33




Country of origin
France

Type
Medium lift utility helicopter

Powerplants
AS 332L - Two 1325kW (1755shp) Turboméca Makila turboshafts driving a four blade main rotor and five blade tail rotor. AS 332L2 - Two 1375kW (1845shp) takeoff rated Turboméca Makila 1A2 turboshafts.

Performance
AS 332L - Max cruising speed 277km/h (150kt). Max inclined rate of climb 1810ft/min. Hovering ceiling in ground effect 9840ft. Range 850km (635nm). AS 332L2 - High speed cruise 277km/h (150kt), economical cruising speed 252km/h (136kt). Rate of climb at 130km/h (70kt) 1447ft/min. Hovering ceiling out of ground effect 9380ft. Range with max fuel, economical cruising speed and no reserves 1490km (805nm), with standard fuel and same conditions 850km (460nm). Endurance 4hr 54min.

Weights
AS 332L - Empty 4370kg (9635lb), max takeoff 9000kg (19,840lb). AS 332L2 - Empty 4686kg (10,331lb), max takeoff 9300kg (20,502lb).

Dimensions
AS 332L - Main rotor diameter 15.08m (49ft 6in), length overall rotors turning 18.70m (61ft 4in), fuselage length 15.52m (50ft 11in), height overall 4.92m (16ft 1in). AS 332L2 - Main rotor diameter 16.20m (53ft 2in), length overall rotors turning 19.50m (63ft 11in), height overall 4.97m (16ft 4in). Main rotor disc area 206.1m2 (2218.7sq ft).

Capacity
Flightcrew of one (VFR ops), or two (IFR ops) pilots. AS 332 seating for 17, AS 332L and AS 332L2 max seating for 24.

Production
Military and civil orders for all variants of the Super Puma total more than 540.


Variants

  • AS 331 - Prototype.
  • AS 332A - Commercial pre-production version.
  • AS 332B - Military version.
  • AS 332B1 - First military version.
  • AS 332C - Production civil version.
  • AS 332C1 - Search and rescue version, equipped with a search radar and six stretchers.
  • AS 332F - Military anti-submarine and anti-ship version.
  • AS 332F1 - Naval version.
  • AS 332L - Civil version with uprated engines, a lengthened fuselage and more cabin space, plus increased fuel.
  • AS 332L1 - Stretched civil version, with a long fuselage and an airline interior.
  • AS 332L2 Super Puma Mk 2 - Civil transport version, fitted with Spheriflex rotor head and EFIS.
  • AS 332M - Military version of the AS 332L.
  • AS 332M1 - Stretched military version.
  • NAS 332 - Licensed version built by IPTN, now Indonesian Aerospace (PT. Dirgantara Indonesia).

Agusta A109 Mk II



Description

Agusta 109A MKII.+ As seen from the images this helicopter is a fine example of a well maintained aircraft. It was certified December 1988 and in service October 1989. As always a delight to fly and a firm favourite with your clients.

Interior

Brown Leather. Rated 7. Always VIP.

Exterior

Overall white with Blue and Gold stripes. Rated 7.

Time Status

Ser No. 7416 Totals:
Time since new2407
Cycles since new4188
Engine# 1# 2
C20/R Time since new24072407
Time since Mini Turbine94319

Avionics

  • Dual Collins VHF-22 Comms
  • Dual Collins VIR 32 NAVs
  • Collins ADF 60
  • Dual Collins TDR-90 Transponder
  • Magellan GPS
  • Sperry Auto-Pilot
  • Pilots Sinngle Tube EFIS

Options.

  • Freon Airconditioning "ADVANCED FLIGHT SYSTEMS INC"
  • Shoulder Harnesses
  • 3M Stromscope
  • CHIP Dectector System
  • SAFT 2026 NiCAD Battery
  • VIP Interior

HELICOPTERS









AIRCRAFT GAS TURBINE ENGINES

Introduction Most of modern passenger and military aircraft are powered by gas turbine engines, which are also called jet engines. There are several types of jet engines, but all jet engines have some parts in common . Aircraft gas turbine engines can be classified according to (1) the type of compressor used and (2) power usage produces by the engine.
Compressor types are as follows:
1. Centrifugal flow
2. Axial flow
3. Centrifugal-Axial flow.
Power usage produced are as follows:
1. Turbojet engines
2. Turbofan engines.
3. Turboshaft engines.
Centrifugal Compressor Engines
Centrifugal flow engines are compress the air by accelerating air outward perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the machine. Centrifugal compressor engines are divided into Single-Stage and Two-Stage compressor. The amount of thrust is limited because the maximum compression ratio.





Principal Adventages of Centrifugal Compressor
1. Light Weight
2. Simplicity
3. Low cost.
Axial Flow Compressor Engines
Axial flow compressor engines may incorporate one , two , or three spools (Spool is defined as a group of compressor stages rotating at the same speed) . Two spool engine , the two rotors operate independently of one another. The turbine assembly for the low pressure compressor is the rear turbine unit . This set of turbines is connected to the forward , low pressure compressor by a shaft that passes through the hollow center of the high pressure compressor and turbine drive shaft.




Advantages and Disadvantages
Adventages: Most of the larger turbine engines use this type of compressor because of its ability to handle large volumes of airflow and high pressure ratio.
Disadvantages: More susceptable to foreign object damage , Expensive to manufacture , and It is very heavy in comparision to the centrifugal compressor with the same compression ratio.
Axial-Centrifugal Compressor Engine
Centrifugal compressor engine were used in many early jet engines , the efficiency level of single stage centrifugal compressor is relatively low . The multi-stage compressors are some what better , but still do not match with axial flow compressors. Some small modern turbo-prop and turbo-shaft engines achieve good results by using a combination axial flow and centrifugal compressor such as PT6 Pratt and Whitney of canada which very popular in the market today and T53 Lycoming engine.





Characteristics and Applications

The turbojet engine : Turbojet engine derives its thrust by highly accelerating a mass of air , all of which goes through the engine. Since a high " jet " velocity is required to obtain an acceptable of thrust, the turbine of turbo jet is designed to extract only enough power from the hot gas stream to drive the compressor and accessories . All of the propulsive force (100% of thrust ) produced by a jet engine derived from exhaust gas.


Turboprop
engine derives its propulsion by the conversion of the majority of gas stream energy into mechanical power to drive the compressor , accessories , and the propeller load. The shaft on which the turbine is mounted drives the propeller through the propeller reduction gear system . Approximately 90% of thrust comes from propeller and about only 10% comes from exhaust gas.

The turbofan engine : Turbofan engine has a duct enclosed fan mounted at the front of the engine and driven either mechanically at the same speed as the compressor , or by an independent turbine located to the rear of the compressor drive turbine . The fan air can exit seperately from the primary engine air , or it can be ducted back to mix with the primary's air at the rear . Approximately morethan 75% of thrust comes from fan and less than 25% comes from exhaust gas.


The turboshaft engine : Turboshaft engine derives its propulsion by the conversion of the majority of gas stream energy into mechanical power to drive the compressor , accessories , just like the turboprop engine but The shaft on which the turbine is mounted drives something other than an aircraft propeller such as the rotor of a helicopter through the reduction gearbox . The engine is called turboshaft.

Aircraft types for charter

Helicopters Helicopters
A helicopter is one of the most convenient and timesaving ways to transfer between the city and airport, alternatively an easy way to reach remote destinations.



Twin piston Twin Pistons
A economical aircraft range suitable for short distance flights. Aircraft seating capacity ranging from 3 to 8 passengers.



Turboprops Turboprops
A wide range of aircraft suitable for short and medium distance flights with a duration of up to 2-4 hours. Aircraft seating capacity ranging from 4 to 70 passengers.



Business Jets Executive Jets
An Executive Jet is the most time efficient way of travel, suitable for medium or long distance flights. Aircraft seating capacity ranging from 4 to 16 passengers.



Airliners Airliners
Large jet aircraft suitable for all kinds of flights. Aircraft seating capacity ranging from 50 to 400 passengers.



Cargo aircraft Cargo Aircraft
Any type of cargo. Ranging from short notice flights carrying vital spare parts up to large cargo aircraft that can transport any volumnious goods.

King Khalid International Airport

1284116-King_Khalid_International_Football_Stadium-Riyadh

King Khalid International Airport ((Arabic: مطار الملك خالد الدولي) is located 35 kilometers (about 21.75 miles) north of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, designed by the architectural firm HOK.

The airport includes the terminals, mosque, the control tower and two parallel runways, each 4200 meters long. It has been constructed to meet the increasing international and local air transport requirements for Riyadh region.

It is an alternative landing site for NASA's Space Shuttle.

Statistics


King Khalid International Airport has had steadily increasing passenger numbers.










































Statistics for King Khalid International Airport
YearTotal PassengersTotal Aircraft Movements
19988,021,00060,464
19998,200,00063,106
20009,379,00084,881
200111,702,00094,797
200212,021,000104,886
200314,138,000124,516
2010 ESTIMATE22,138,000174,516

London Heathrow Airport

H1



London Heathrow Airport or Heathrow (IATA: LHR, ICAO: EGLL), located in the London Borough of Hillingdon, is the world's busiest airport in terms of international passenger traffic. It is the world's third busiest airport in total passenger traffic. It is also the largest and busiest airport in the United Kingdom. It is also the busiest in the European Union in terms of passenger traffic and the second busiest in terms of traffic movements. Heathrow is owned and operated by BAA, which also owns and operates six other UK airports. BAA is itself owned by an international consortium led by the Spanish Ferrovial Group. Heathrow is the primary hub of British Airways, BMI and Virgin Atlantic.

Located 12 NM (22 km; 14 mi) west of Central London, England, Heathrow originally was designed to have six runways in three pairs spaced approximately 120 degrees apart but now has just two parallel main runways running east-west and five terminals. The site covers 12.14 square kilometres (4.69 sq mi). Terminal 5 was officially opened by H.M. Queen Elizabeth II on 14 March 2008 and opened to passengers on 27 March 2008. Construction of Heathrow East, to replace Terminal 2 and The Queen's Building, began in 2009, and is expected to be completed by early 2014.Terminals 3 and 4 will also be refurbished during this period. In November 2007 a consultation process began for the building of a new third runway and was controversially approved on 15 January 2009 by UK Government ministers.

Heathrow Airport has a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence (Number P527) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction.

LOCATION

Heathrow is located 12 NM (22 km; 14 mi) west of central London, England, near the southern end of the London Borough of Hillingdon. The airport stands on a parcel of land that was designated part of the London Metropolitan Green Belt. To the north, the airport is surrounded by the built-up areas of Harlington, Harmondsworth, Longford and Cranford.


































































































































Busiest International Routes out of London Heathrow Airport (2008)[2]
Rank ↓Airport ↓Passengers handled ↓ % Change ↓
1John F. Kennedy International Airport2,802,8701
2Dublin Airport1,812,0288
3Amsterdam Airport Schiphol1,709,1355
4Dubai International Airport1,652,4415
5Hong Kong International Airport1,493,8643
6Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport1,489,16717
7Los Angeles International Airport1,461,0794
8O'Hare International Airport1,460,8169
9Frankfurt Airport1,271,42112
10Madrid Barajas Airport1,152,5042
11Singapore Changi Airport1,066,6061
12Washington Dulles International Airport1,041,1761
13Toronto Pearson International Airport992,5793
14San Francisco International Airport985,5755
15Munich Airport983,2878
16Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport955,3023
17OR Tambo International Airport944,7316
18Copenhagen Airport939,9504
19Stockholm-Arlanda Airport893,1811
20Newark Liberty International Airport882,93124





American Airlines Boeing 777-200ER landing at Heathrow